The effects of various trace elements on pregnant women and fetuses

Although the content of trace elements in the body is very small, it is very important for life. Trace elements that can affect the development of the fetus include iron, zinc, iodine, magnesium, copper, manganese, etc.


Copper is a common trace element. The total copper content in normal adults is 100-200 mg, and a full-moon newborn has a total copper content of 16 mg.When copper deficiency and bronze metabolism are abnormal, Menke syndrome, baby symptomatic deficiency copper, liver bean nuclear degeneration, and early breakthrough can occur.Valley, beans, meat, and vegetables contain more copper, and pregnant women can eat according to specific circumstances.


Zinc is another important trace element in the human body.Normal adult human body contains 2-2.5 grams of zinc and about 60 mg of zinc containing newborns, most of which are in muscle and bones.If the mother lacks zinc, it is easy to slow down the development of the embryo, and the disorders of the differentiation of various tissues and organs will cause malformations. Among them, the deformity of the central nervous system is more common, which can also cause dwarf.Phenomenon.Therefore, the zinc supply of pregnant women should be about 25 mg per day, and the minimum cannot be less than 15 mg/day.All foods contain zinc, but the content of animal foods is more than the content of plant foods.


The content of manganese in the human body is 10-20 mg, which has an important role in maintaining normal bone development and nervous system and intellectual development.Maternal lack of manganese can affect the development of the fetal brain, cause abnormal fetal bones, disorders of brain function after birth, and is prone to epilepsy.Those who have low blood and manganese in pregnant women, their newborn birth weight and length are lower than the normal value.


Iodine is an important component of synthetic thyroxine, while thyroxine affects the oxidation effect of systemic tissue.Week 10-18 is the period of development of the nervous system. At this time, iodine deficiency can cause insufficient thyroxine synthesis, resulting in permanent central nervous nerve and listening nerve damage, forming dumb, deafness, spasm paralyzedwait.Pregnant women should consciously eat more iodine -rich foods, such as kelp, seaweed, sea ravioli, sea shrimp, etc.


Magnesium is one of the important trace elements of the human body. Magnesium deficiency in pregnant women will not be pregnant normally.In the early stages of pregnancy, due to repeated vomiting or chronic diarrhea for early pregnancy, magnesium deficiency can be caused, leading to severe malformations such as fetal death and fissure, short tongue, and cerebral edema.Soy, sesame, kelp, corn, spinach, black dates, banana, etc. are rich in magnesium content. Pregnant women can eat more to prevent lack of magnesium in the body during pregnancy.


Wen Kai, a maternal and gynecologist in Chongqing Anqier Maternity Hospital, said that iron has a high content in the human body and has a very important role in the human body.Pregnant women often lead to a newborn of childbirth weakness, premature birth, death, low weight, low weight, and congenital iron deficiency anemia, and it is also easy to cause babies to have infection, decrease in resistance, and backward growth and development.Pregnant women can eat more animal foods such as liver, shrimp, egg yolk, heart, kidney, lean meat, bone marrow and other animal foods. The iron content in the fruits is also rich, such as plums, dried apricots, dried dates, walnuts, melon, sunflower seeds, cherries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, strawberries, Grapes, etc.(Supply of Chongqing Anqier Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital)

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