Author: Jurong City People’s Hospital Hong Zhengfei
Pregnant mothers, as special people, are directly related to the health of the fetus and need to be cautious!So can you take medication if you are infected during pregnancy?Which drugs are safe?The pharmacist will answer for you ~
First of all, to understand the grading of pregnancy drugs. In 1979, the US FDA was divided into five categories: based on animal experiments and clinical practice experience and adverse effects on the fetus.
■ Class A is the safest;
■ Class B is quite safe and can be used;
■ Class C needs to weigh the advantages and disadvantages;
■ Class D is in the case of life -threatening life or severe diseases, considering use without other drug replacement;
■ Class X is absolutely prohibited.
In addition to simple classification, medication during pregnancy should also be comprehensively considered in combination with "risk overview", "clinical consideration" and "data" to obtain the risk of pregnancy drugs and benefits.
The placental barrier in the early pregnancy (within 12 weeks of pregnancy) has not been completely formed, especially 5-10 weeks of pregnancy is an important stage of embryo organs. It is a "high-sensitivity period for deformed" and is affected by drugs. Try to avoid medication.After 12 weeks of pregnancy, the fetal growth and organ development function are complete, and the placenta barrier is formed. It is a "low -sensitive period". It is necessary to use more secure drugs during pregnancy.
Judging from the current characteristics of new crown symptoms, there are similar "cold -like symptoms" such as fever, cough, headache, sore throat, nasal congestion, muscle pain.
■ If you have no symptoms or symptoms during pregnancy, you do n’t use the medicine as much as possible. Take more rest, drink plenty of water, eat a balanced diet, and exercise appropriately.
■ If the symptoms cause obvious discomfort, you choose the safer drug during pregnancy.
■ Symptoms such as headache, dizziness, panic, qi, or suffering from abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding or flow fluid, fetal movement abnormalities such as abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding or flow fluid, or abnormal fetal fluid should be visited in time.
1. It is not recommended to use any drugs during pregnancy to prevent new crowns.
2. Anti -virus drugs such as Oshewei and Vajraine lack evidence of evidence for the treatment of new crowns. It is not recommended to use during pregnancy.The new crown special medicine, such as Paxlovid, currently has limited pregnancy research data, and it is not recommended to take it by yourself during pregnancy.
3. The new crown virus has self -limiting, and drugs and measures that can be used to relieve symptoms during pregnancy:
4. It is not recommended to use compound cold medicine during pregnancy
It is not recommended to use compound cold medicines such as fast grams, Tyno, Baijiahei, etc. During pregnancy. The diamond alkyramine contained in compound cold medicines is a pregnancy Class C. It can be used by the placenta. Animal research has toxic and side effects on the fetus.It belongs to the Class C of pregnancy and is disabled within 3 months of pregnancy.
5. Use Chinese medicine carefully during pregnancy:
For example, the recent "snap -up" Lianhua Qing Plague particles: It is not recommended to be used as a new crown for preventing medication during pregnancy, and the treatment of medication also needs to be "dialectical" and use it under the guidance of a doctor or pharmacist.
If it contains the following ingredients, it is forbidden to use during pregnancy: Most of these drugs are drug components with strong toxicity or violent medicinal properties, which can lead to abortion or teratogenic effects on the fetus during pregnancy: such as cream, majestic yellow, light powder, spotted mulberry, Toad crisp, musk, horse money, black head, aconite, soil tapeworm, leech, tapeworm, triangular, Curdia, Shanglu, Gan Sui, Euphorbia, glowing flowers, cattle, pamou, etc.
The most important thing in the final pregnancy is to prevent prevention: vaccination, wearing masks, toiletting hands, gathered less, maintaining social distance, opening more windows to ventilate, appropriate amounts of drugs and anti -killing materials.
The above is the original work of the "Drug Safety Cooperation Alliance" volunteer. If you reprint, please indicate the author and source!
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