The United Nations predicts that India’s population may surpass China and become the largest country in the world.The same growth is the African population.
On the contrary, more countries are facing aging problems with a decline in birth rate, which has become a world problem.
Let’s talk about South Korea first.
More than ten years ago, David Korman, a population of Oxford University in the United Kingdom, issued an early warning, "South Korea may become the first country in the world."Is this alarmist?
In fact, South Korea began to let go of family planning in 1996, but the fertility rate plummeted and the population speed decreased. The South Korean government could only continue to improve maternity subsidies, but the results were very small.With today’s fertility rate, the Korean population will be halved in 20 years.
Some people vividly say that today’s Korean youths are "three throws" crowd: abandoning love, abandoning marriage, and abandoning children.
Although South Korea is a developed country, the employment situation is very difficult, the employment competition is fierce, the overtime is endless, and the gap between the rich and the poor is like hell.Therefore, many Koreans call their country as "Hell Korea".
This is undoubtedly the primary reason for the downturn in South Korea.
Look at Japan.
Japan used "national difficulties" to describe the population situation.According to the recent data released by the Ministry of Life and Labor, the Ministry of Labor and Labor, the "total special birth rate" in Japan in 2022 (the average number of children in each woman’s life) has declined for the seventh consecutive year.people.
Data show that the number of Japanese newborn in 2022 decreased by 5.9%compared with the previous year. If the foreign birth population contained in the data was removed, the number of Japanese newborn in 2022 was about 770,000.
The root cause of this phenomenon is economic issues.That is to say, the cost of raising is too high, causing young people to be discouraged by fertility.
Look at Singapore.
Singapore’s total fertility rate has been in a downward trend since 1980. Even Li Guangyao, the late founding father, said: "Population problems have the biggest threat to Singapore, but I have no solution for this problem.People … "
Li Guangyao was desperate for the population problem in Singapore. Even his daughter was unwilling to get married and had children, but he could not do it.
But his son Li Xianlong still failed to solve the problem.Therefore, low fertility rate has become a century problem in many countries.
The latest data from the National Population and Talent Department under the Singapore Prime Minister’s Office of the Prime Minister of the Singapore show that Singapore’s overall fertility rate in 2022 is only 1.04, which is lower than the 1.05 announced in February last year, which is lower than 1.12 and 1.1 in 2020 in 2021.
So why are wealthy Singaporeans willing to have children?You must know that severe real problems such as "no work and can’t afford a house" do not exist in Singapore.
Since 1964, Singapore has implemented the "residential house" plan to encourage middle and low -income to purchase government houses.At present, Singapore ranks first in developed countries in the world with a rate of 90.9邺 -high housing.
Although the government’s low -rent housing allows most Singapore residents to have a house to live, it does not need to spend parents and their own savings because of real estate real estate speculation.
Therefore, housing, the biggest problem that plagues young people in many countries, is not a matter in Singapore.
This is really happy!You know, in China, buying a house also costs three "six wallets" in the upper and lower generations!
Besides employment, Singapore’s employment rate has always been very high, because the population base is small, the salary level is high, and life is still richer.
But Singapore also has its own problem.The first is that the price is very high. It is difficult for the middle class and below to consume. The milk powder money and cost of raising children are not small. If young people can support themselves, they will not have the intention to raise their children.
So the root cause is still economic problem!
Today’s low birth rate is a global trend. It is naturally needless to say that even developing countries have declined. For example, our country is also troubled because of the low fertility rate.
In order to solve the problem of negative population growth, the state officially launched a third -child policy in May 2021. However, compared with the second -child policy, the third -child policy is simply a disaster -level manifestation.
In 2022, the number of newborn in my country was only 9.56 million, which was nearly 480,000 less than the third child policy before the landing.
According to the forecast of the Population Decisions Big Data Laboratory of Population Decisions of the China Population and Development Research Center, by 2035, my country’s low -age population stock will be reduced by 100 million people from 2020.
Yang Jinrui, deputy director of the Family Department of the National Health Commission, said at a routine press conference of the National Health and Health Commission, "In recent years, my country’s population development has faced turning changes. The degree continues to deepen, and the burden of fertility and breeding has become the main factor that restricts the birth of the masses. "
Indeed, economic factors are one of the main reasons for the decline in fertility rates around the world. The cost of buying houses, children’s educational costs, medical and living costs have made many families discourage.
Secondly, with the progress of society, the improvement of women’s status and the increase in career development, the gender discrimination in the workplace, the unfairness of promotion opportunities, and the lack of flexible work arrangements have also made women feel hesitant and concerned on fertility.They want to pursue personal professional goals and self -realization, and childbearing and raising children have become secondary considerations.
China’s urbanization process accelerates, and more and more people choose to live in the city.The fast -paced and high pressure of the urban lifestyle has led many couples to delay their fertility or choose to be infertile.
Moreover, the long -term one -child policy has made many husbands and wives get used to the model of only one child, and hold a wait -and -see attitude towards regeneration.
In order to give birth, there are frequent tricks from all over the world.
For example, the "birth gift package" of Singapore is very interesting.The subsidies of the first and second children’s first and second children have been raised to S $ 11,000.If you have the third or more children, the bonus obtains increases from S $ 10,000 to 13,000.
In addition, the government issues 3,000 S $ 3,000 baby bonus cash awards to the newborn parents. "Scholarships" are also more good. For example, children with good academic performance in elementary schools can receive high scholarships, and they are six years!
In addition to paying money, the vacation plan was adjusted in the new budget.Starting from New Year’s Day in 2024, the newborn father’s paid infant leave will automatically increase from two weeks to four weeks.Parents of children under 2 years old can ask for 12 days without salary for infant leave.
Russia stipulates that women with many children are "heroes". September 12 each year is "Pregnancy Day".Women can have 4 and a half years of maternity leave and get certain subsidies.
Australia is a dual -pronged approach during holidays and subsidies. The maternal is well -caring during the hospitalization and has a paid maternity leave for 18 weeks.
Japan encourages eugenics and excellent breeding to subsidize tax cuts and create a social environment for raising children with peace of mind. Children’s costs on kindergartens are borne by the state.
Denmark implements comprehensive humanized maternal and infant health benefits, abundant maternity leave and fertility allowances, and does not require additional taxes.
In order to encourage fertility to "do everything", the first legislative stipulates that his father can leave for maternity leave. The more you have a vacation, the higher the prize money, and the maximum can receive a maximum of 135,000 kronor.Is it against the sky?
Spain is more interesting. Shengwa is sent to Iberian milk pigs. Parents who have children can enjoy 300 euros a month.
In fact, the population decrease is not nothing.
Experts believe that in 2100, the decrease in population will lead to major changes in global economic strength, and staff and taxpayers will also decrease. Social support and the funds required for health care of the elderly will also decrease, and the economy will be challenged.
However, there is also a benefit of population reduction, that is, reducing carbon emissions and reducing the pressure of grain system, and the earth’s environment becomes better.
And talent bonus is more important than demographic dividends!
Hope this world becomes better and better!
I am Hailin Cao and I like to write text with temperature.Thank you for reading, follow me, see you next time!