Tobacco hazards are one of the most serious public health issues in the world today. The number of deaths caused by smoking every year in the world is as high as 6 million, exceeding the sum of the number of deaths caused by AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.As the world’s largest tobacco producer and consumer country, the number of people harmed due to tobacco due to tobacco is particularly serious.According to statistics, the number of smokers in my country exceeds 300 million, and about 740 million non -smokers are being harmed by second -hand smoke exposure. The number of people dying due to smoking is more than 1 million each year.
In recent years, as the government and the public attach great importance to the issue of smoke control, the spread of the relevant knowledge of tobacco hazards has been greatly strengthened, and the public’s understanding of tobacco hazards has continued to increase, but the specific diseases caused by smoking and the second -hand smoke of second -hand smokeKnowledge such as serious harm still does not know much about it.
30 core information of smoke control health education
Warning in my country to smoke and second -hand smoke victims
The number of smokers in China exceeds 300 million, and about 740 million non -smokers are harmful to second -hand smoke exposure.
The number of people died in China every year due to smoking, exceeding the sum of the number of deaths caused by tuberculosis, AIDS and malaria.
Now half of the smokers will die early due to smoking, and the average life span of the smokers will be shortened by at least 10 years than those who do not smoke.
Tobacco tobacco contains at least 69 carcinogens.
Nicotine in tobacco products can cause tobacco dependence, and tobacco dependence is a chronic addictive disease.
Smoking and second -hand smoke exposure is seriously harmful to health. Even inhaling a small amount of tobacco smoke can cause harm to the human body.
Second -hand smoke exposure is not safe, and it is the only effective way to avoid smoking in the room.
Smoking areas (rooms) and installation of ventilation ventilation facilities in the room cannot avoid the harm of second -hand smoke exposure.
There is no harmless tobacco products, as long as smoking is harmful to health.
"Low -coking cigarettes" and "Chinese herbal medicine cigarettes" cannot reduce the harm caused by smoking, but it is easy to induce smoking and affect smokers quit smoking.
Smoking can cause a variety of malignant tumors, including lung cancer, oral cancer, nasopharyngeal malignant tumors, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer and acute acute and acute acute, acute breast cancer and acute acute cancerLeukemia and so on.
Smoking can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary) and youth asthma, increasing the risk of respiratory infection.
Smoking can increase the risk of tuberculosis and death.
Smoking can lead to coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral arterioscopy.
Men’s smoking can cause erectile dysfunction.
Female smoking can lead to a decrease in the chance of conception, abortion, death, premature birth, and infant weight weight, increasing the risk of sudden baby death syndrome.
Smoking can cause type 2 diabetes and increase the risk of its complications.
Smoking can cause periodontitis, cataracts, and poor wounds, skin aging, dementia, postmenopausal female bone density and digestive ulcers.
Second -hand smoke exposure can lead to lung cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, breast cancer, and sinus cancer.
Second -hand smoke exposure can lead to acute and chronic respiratory symptoms, decreased lung function, bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.
Pregnant women exposed to second -hand smoke can cause infant weight loss, sudden baby death syndrome, premature birth, neonatal tube deformity and cleft lip and palate.
Second -hand smoke exposure can lead to bronchial asthma, decreased lung function and otitis media in children.
Quit smoking is the only way to reduce the dangers of smoking. The earlier the smoking quitting, the better, and the smoking quitting can benefit any age.
Quit smoking can significantly reduce the incidence and death risk of various diseases such as lung cancer, coronary heart disease, and slow lung blockage of smokers, delay the progress of the above diseases, and improve the prognosis.
Smoking women quit smoking before or early pregnancy can reduce the risk of various problems such as premature birth, limited fetal growth, and low birth weight of newborns.
Smokers may experience discomfort during the quitting process of smoking, and if necessary, they can rely on specialized smoking cessation treatment.
Smokers should respect the health rights and interests of others, not to smoke in indoor workplace, indoor public places, public transport and other places forbidden to smoke.
The smokers should actively quit smoking, and the smokers’ willingness to quit smoking is the basis of successful quitting.
Smoking clinics can provide professional quitting treatment to smokers.
The national smoking cessation hotline is 400 888 5531, and the public health service hotline is 12320.
Transfer from | Harbin Disease Prevention and Control Center
Source: Heilongjiang Traffic Broadcast